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Investor's Glossary

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S

SEC - see SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION.

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION - (SEC) The primary overseer and regulator whose primary mission is to protect investors and maintain the integrity of the U.S. securities markets. The SEC requires public companies to disclose meaningful financial and other information to the public, which provides a common pool of knowledge for all investors to use to judge for themselves if a company's securities are a good investment. The SEC also oversees other key participants in the securities world, including stock exchanges, broker-dealers, investment advisors, mutual funds, and public utility holding companies. Here again, the SEC is concerned primarily with promoting disclosure of important information, enforcing the securities laws, and protecting investors who interact with these various organizations and individuals.

SHORT SALE - When one sells a stock they do not own, but borrows the security and sells it in the belief that the stock will decline in price. A short seller must later buy the stock that was sold short to complete the cycle. The short seller's strategy is to buy the stock at a lower price than the price that it was sold short for.

SHORT TERM DEBT - see DEBT.

STANDARD & POORS 500 - (S&P 500) a market-capitalization weighted index of 500 large U.S. stocks.

STOCK - (aka EQUITY) a share of ownership in a public corporation.

STOCK DIVIDEND - the issuance of more common shares to common stockholders with no change in the actual common equity.

STOCK SPLIT - an increase in the number of shares outstanding by a fixed ratio, such as in a two for one stock split, the previous owner of one share of stock would have two shares after the stock split. One's total equity interest remains the same. (Your piece of pie is no larger or smaller than before the stock split takes place. After a two for one stock split, your two new shares (pieces of pie) equal your old one share (piece of pie). If, for example, the price of one share of stock was $100.00 before the stock split, the owner would have 2 shares at a price of $50.00 per share after the stock split occurs.

STOCK SYMBOL - the letters used to identify a security for the purpose of trading. Also referred to as a ticker symbol.  View Stock Symbol Identifiers

STOP ORDER - a stop order is either an order to buy a stock at the market price when the price rises to a certain level or to sell a stock at the market price when the price falls to a certain level.


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